[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2019 Feb 26. doi: 10.1007/s10096-019-03505-2. [Epub ahead of print]
Zoonotic diseases from birds to humans in Vietnam: possible diseases and their associated risk factors.
Nga VT1, Ngoc TU2, Minh LB3, Ngoc VTN4, Pham VH5, Nghia LL4, Son NLH6, Van Pham TH7, Bac ND8, Tien TV9, Tuan NNM10, Tao Y11, Show PL12, Chu DT13,14.
Author information: 1 Institute for Research and Development, Duy Tan University, 03 QuangTrung, Danang, Vietnam. 2 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Nong Lam University, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam. 3 NTT Hi-tech Institute, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, 300A Nguyen Tat Thanh St., Ward 13, District 4, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam. 4 School of Odonto Stomatology, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam. 5 AI Lab, Faculty of Information Technology, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. email@example.com. 6 Faculty of Biology, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Vietnam. 7 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Vietnam National University of Forestry, Hanoi, Vietnam. 8 Vietnam Military Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam. 9 103 Military Hospital, Vietnam Military Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam. 10 Hung Vuong University, Viet Tri, Phu Tho, Vietnam. 11 College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China. 12 Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, JalanBroga, 43500 Semenyih, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. 13 School of Odonto Stomatology, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam. firstname.lastname@example.org. 14 Faculty of Biology, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Vietnam. email@example.com.
In recent decades, exceeding 60% of infectious cases in human beings are originated from pathogenic agents related to feral or companion animals. This figure continues to swiftly increase due to excessive exposure between human and contaminated hosts by means of applying unhygienic farming practices throughout society. In Asia countries-renowned for lax regulation towards animal-trading markets-have experienced tremendous outbreaks of zoonotic diseases every year. Meanwhile, various epidemic surges were first reported in the residential area of China-one of the largest distributor of all animal products on the planet. Some noticeable illnesses comprising of A/H5N1 or H7N9-known as avian influenza which transmitted from poultry and also wild birds-have caused inevitable disquiet among inhabitants. Indeed, poultry farming industry in China has witnessed dynamic evolution for the past two decades, both in quantity and degree of output per individual. Together with this pervasive expansion, zoonotic diseases from poultry have incessantly emerged as a latent threat to the surrounding residents in entire Asia and also European countries. Without strict exporting legislation, Vietnam is now facing the serious problem in terms of poultry distribution between the two countries’ border. Even though several disease investigations have been conducted by many researchers, the disease epidemiology or transmission methods among people remained blurred and need to be further elucidated. In this paper, our aim is to provide a laconic review of common zoonotic diseases spread in Vietnam, outstanding cases and several factors predisposing to this alarming situation.
KEYWORDS: Birds; Human; Review; Risk factors; Vietnam; Zoonotic diseases
PMID: 30806904 DOI: 10.1007/s10096-019-03505-2
Keywords: Infectious Diseases; Avian Influenza; Zoonoses; Poultry; Vietnam.