#Feeding Low-Income #Children during the #Covid19 #Pandemic (N Engl J Med., summary)

[Source: The New England Journal of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Summary, edited.]

Feeding Low-Income Children during the Covid-19 Pandemic

Caroline G. Dunn, Ph.D., R.D., Erica Kenney, Sc.D., M.P.H., Sheila E. Fleischhacker, J.D., Ph.D., and Sara N. Bleich, Ph.D.

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As Covid-19 spreads throughout the United States, schools and child care facilities are balancing their role of helping to prevent disease transmission with ensuring access to food for children who rely on the federal nutrition safety net. Together, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National School Lunch Program, School Breakfast Program, and Child and Adult Care Food Program serve nearly 35 million children daily, delivering vital nutrition and financial assistance to families in need.1 With such programs interrupted, an essential element of the Covid-19 response will be feeding children from low-income families.

(…)

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Poverty; Society; Pediatrics.

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#Spotlight on #Jails: #COVID19 #Mitigation Policies Needed Now (Clin Infect Dis., summary)

[Source: , full page: (LINK). Summary, edited.]

Spotlight on Jails: COVID-19 Mitigation Policies Needed Now

Alysse G. Wurcel MD MS1, Emily Dauria PhD MPH 2,3, Nicholas Zaller PhD4, Ank
Nijhawan MD5, Curt Beckwith MD6, Kathryn Nowotny PhD7, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein PhD8

1 Tufts Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Division of Geographic Medicine and
Infectious Diseases, Boston MA 02111; 2 Department of Psychiatry, Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco; 401 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA, 94143; 3 Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, Division of Infant Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 1001 Potrero Avenue, Building 5, Room 7M18, San Francisco, CA, 94110; 4 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, 4301 West Markham #820, Little Rock, AR 72205; 5 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Dallas, TX.; 6 Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, The Miriam Hospital & Rhode Island Hospital; 7 Departner of Sociology, University of Miami 5202 University Drive, Merrick Building, Room 120D Coral Gables, FL 33146; 8 Department of Social Medicine, Center for Health Equity Research, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 333 S. Columbia Street MacNider Hall #341 Chapel Hill, NC 27599

Corresponding Author: Alysse G. Wurcel MD MS, 800 Washington Street, Boston MA 02111, awurcel@tuftsmedicalcenter.org – 617 974 2799

Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/cid/ciaa346/5812998 by guest on 28 March 2020

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Dear Editor, In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare institutions and public health experts are mobilizing to develop mitigation protocols based on the experiences of other countries, including China, South Korea, and Italy. Compared to these countries, the US has a higher incarceration rate, with 10.6 million people booked into jails each year.2 Jails pose a unique set of challenges to COVID-19 prevention, detection, and management mitigation that deserves immediate attention.

(…)

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; USA; Society.

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#Policing the #Coronavirus #Outbreak: Processes and Prospects for Collective #Disorder (J Policy Pract., summary)

[Source: Journal of Policy & Practice, full page: (LINK). Summary, edited.]

Policing the Coronavirus Outbreak: Processes and Prospects for Collective Disorder

Stephen Reicher, Wardlaw Professor of Psychology, University of St. Andrews. sdr@st-andrews.ac.uk; Clifford Stott, Professor of Psychology, University of Keele. c.stott@keele.a.cuk; VC The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

For permissions please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com

Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/policing/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/police/paaa014/5812788 by guest on 27 March 2020

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This briefing is divided into three parts. First, we outline the factors which lead to incidents of collective disorder (or riots). Second, we consider how the overall response to the coronavirus outbreak, and the role of the police within this response, will impact the probability of such disorder. Third, we apply these understandings to three specific scenarios of potential disorder. Contrary to common opinion, riots rarely start simply  because people are frustrated or because they do not get what they want or need. Rather,  contemporary research1 suggests that three factors are necessary to create the potential for major rioting: First, it is necessary for people to develop a sense of illegitimacy and grievance: that is, something they experience as being done or denied to them by another group unjustifiably. Second, this grievance relates to an ‘ingroup’ which  people belong to psychologically (e.g. neighbourhood, community, class, ethnic grouping). Rioting stems from what is happening to ‘us’.  Third, it is necessary to be able to identify an agent – or outgroup – who is seen as the source of grievance (e.g. government, army, police). Rioting requires a ‘them’ to target.

(…)

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Civil unrests; Society.

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At the #Epicenter of the #Covid19 #Pandemic and #Humanitarian Crises in #Italy: Changing Perspectives on Preparation and Mitigation (N Eng J Med., abstract)

[Source: The New England Journal of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

At the Epicenter of the Covid-19 Pandemic and Humanitarian Crises in Italy: Changing Perspectives on Preparation and Mitigation

By Mirco Nacoti, MD, Andrea Ciocca, MEng, Angelo Giupponi, MD, Pietro Brambillasca, MD, Federico Lussana, MD, Michele Pisano, MD, Giuseppe Goisis, PhD, Daniele Bonacina, MD, Francesco Fazzi, MD, Richard Naspro, MD, et al.

March 21, 2020

 

Summary

In a pandemic, patient-centered care is inadequate and must be replaced by community-centered care. Solutions for Covid-19 are required for the entire population, not only for hospitals. The catastrophe unfolding in wealthy Lombardy could happen anywhere. Clinicians at a hospital at the epicenter call for a long-term plan for the next pandemic.
We work at the Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital in Bergamo, a brand-new state-of-the-art facility with 48 intensive-care beds. Despite being a relatively small city, this is the epicenter of the Italian epidemic, listing 4,305 cases at this moment — more than Milan or anywhere else in the country (Figure 1). Lombardy is one of the richest and most densely populated regions in Europe and is now the most severely affected one. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported 74,346 laboratory-confirmed cases in Europe on March 18 — 35,713 of them in Italy.

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Italy; Society.

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#Structural #violence in the era of a new #pandemic: the case of the #Gaza Strip (Lancet, summary)

[Source: The Lancet, full page: (LINK). Summary, edited.]

Structural violence in the era of a new pandemic: the case of the Gaza Strip

*David Mills, Bram Wispelwey, Rania Muhareb, Mads Gilbert

david.mills@childrens.harvard.edu

Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA (DM); Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA (DM, BW); Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA (BW); Al-Haq, occupied Palestinian territory (RM); University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, Norway (MG); and The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway (MG)

Published Online March 26, 2020 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30730-3

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“Hope for improving health and quality of life of Palestinians will exist only once people recognise that the structural and political conditions that they endure…are the key determinants of [Palestinian] population health.”1 As the world is consumed by the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it should be of no surprise that epidemics  (and indeed, pandemics) are disproportionately violent to populations burdened by poverty, military occupation, discrimination, and institutionalised oppression.2

(…)

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Gaza; Poverty; Society; Wars.

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#Parenting in a time of #COVID19 (Lancet, summary)

[Source: The Lancet, full page: (LINK). Summary, edited.]

Parenting in a time of COVID-19

Lucie Cluver, Jamie M Lachman, Lorraine Sherr, Inge Wessels, Etienne Krug, Sabine Rakotomalala, Stephen Blight, Susan Hillis, Gretchen Bachman, Ohad Green, Alex Butchart, Mark Tomlinson, Catherine L Ward, Jennifer Doubt, Kerida McDonald

Published: March 25, 2020 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30736-4

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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is changing family life. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization estimates 1·38 billion children are out of school or child care, without access to group activities, team sports, or playgrounds. Parents and caregivers are attempting to work remotely or unable to work, while caring for children, with no clarity on how long the situation will last. For many people, just keeping children busy and safe at home is a daunting prospect. For those living in low-income and crowded households, these challenges are exacerbated.

(…)

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Society.

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Public #Mental #Health #Crisis during #COVID19 #Pandemic, #China (Emerg Infect Dis., abstract)

[Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Volume 26, Number 7—July 2020 / Research Letter

Public Mental Health Crisis during COVID-19 Pandemic, China

Lu Dong   and Jennifer Bouey

Author affiliations: RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California, USA (L. Dong); RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia, USA (J. Bouey); Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA (J. Bouey)

 

Abstract

The 2019 novel coronavirus disease emerged in China in late 2019–early 2020 and spread rapidly. China has been implementing emergency psychological crisis interventions to reduce the negative psychosocial impact on public mental health, but challenges exist. Public mental health interventions should be formally integrated into public health preparedness and emergency response plans.

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Psychiatry; Society; China.

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