[Source: Eurosurveillance, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
SARS-CoV-2 infection in farmed minks, the Netherlands, April and May 2020
Nadia Oreshkova1 , Robert Jan Molenaar2 , Sandra Vreman1 , Frank Harders1 , Bas B Oude Munnink3 , Renate W Hakze-van der Honing1 , Nora Gerhards1 , Paulien Tolsma4 , Ruth Bouwstra2 , Reina S Sikkema3 , Mirriam GJ Tacken1 , Myrna MT de Rooij5 , Eefke Weesendorp1 , Marc Y Engelsma1 , Christianne JM Bruschke6 , Lidwien AM Smit5 , Marion Koopmans3 , Wim HM van der Poel1 , Arjan Stegeman7
Affiliations: 1 Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Wageningen University and Research, Lelystad, the Netherlands; 2 GD Animal Health, Deventer, the Netherlands; 3 Department of Viroscience, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; 4 Regional Public Health Service Brabant-Zuid-Oost, Eindhoven, the Netherlands; 5 Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 6 Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, The Hague, the Netherlands; 7 Department of Farm Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, the Netherlands
Correspondence: Wim H.M. van der Poel
Citation style for this article: Oreshkova Nadia , Molenaar Robert Jan , Vreman Sandra , Harders Frank , Oude Munnink Bas B , Hakze-van der Honing Renate W , Gerhards Nora , Tolsma Paulien , Bouwstra Ruth , Sikkema Reina S , Tacken Mirriam GJ , de Rooij Myrna MT , Weesendorp Eefke , Engelsma Marc Y , Bruschke Christianne JM , Smit Lidwien AM , Koopmans Marion , van der Poel Wim HM , Stegeman Arjan . SARS-CoV-2 infection in farmed minks, the Netherlands, April and May 2020. Euro Surveill. 2020;25(23):pii=2001005. https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.23.2001005
Received: 24 May 2020; Accepted: 04 Jun 2020
Respiratory disease and increased mortality occurred in minks on two farms in the Netherlands, with interstitial pneumonia and SARS-CoV-2 RNA in organ and swab samples. On both farms, at least one worker had coronavirus disease-associated symptoms before the outbreak. Variations in mink-derived viral genomes showed between-mink transmission and no infection link between the farms. Inhalable dust contained viral RNA, indicating possible exposure of workers. One worker is assumed to have attracted the virus from mink.
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Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Minks; The Netherlands.