[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Arch Virol. 2020 Jan;165(1):87-96. doi: 10.1007/s00705-019-04456-x. Epub 2019 Nov 9.
Molecular, antigenic, and pathogenic characterization of H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses isolated in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2017.
Twabela AT1,2, Okamatsu M1, Tshilenge GM2, Mpiana S2, Masumu J2, Nguyen LT1, Matsuno K1,3, Monne I4, Zecchin B4, Sakoda Y5,6.
Author information: 1 Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Disease Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, North 18, West 9, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-0818, Japan. 2 Central Veterinary Laboratory of Kinshasa, Kinshasa I, Gombe, Democratic Republic of Congo. 3 Global Station for Zoonosis Control, Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education (GI-CoRE), Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. 4 Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale Delle Venezie, Legnaro, PD, Italy. 5 Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Disease Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, North 18, West 9, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-0818, Japan. email@example.com. 6 Global Station for Zoonosis Control, Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education (GI-CoRE), Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. firstname.lastname@example.org.
In May 2017, high mortality of chickens and Muscovy ducks due to the H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) was reported in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo). In this study, we assessed the molecular, antigenic, and pathogenic features in poultry of the H5N8 HPAIV from the 2017 Congolese outbreaks. Phylogenetic analysis of the eight viral gene segments revealed that all 12 DR Congo isolates clustered in clade 184.108.40.206B together with other H5N8 HPAIVs isolated in Africa and Eurasia, suggesting a possible common origin of these viruses. Antigenically, a slight difference was observed between the Congolese isolates and a representative virus from group C in the same clade. After intranasal inoculation with a representative DR Congo virus, high pathogenicity was observed in chickens and Muscovy ducks but not in Pekin ducks. Viral replication was higher in chickens than in Muscovy duck and Pekin duck organs; however, neurotropism was pronounced in Muscovy ducks. Our data confirmed the high pathogenicity of the DR Congo virus in chickens and Muscovy ducks, as observed in the field. National awareness and strengthening surveillance in the region are needed to better control HPAIVs.
PMID: 31707455 DOI: 10.1007/s00705-019-04456-x [Indexed for MEDLINE]
Keywords: Avian Influenza; H5N8; Poultry; DRC.