[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Sci Rep. 2019 Mar 27;9(1):5257. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-41727-8.
Vertical transmission of Zika virus in Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoes.
Phumee A1,2, Chompoosri J3, Intayot P4, Boonserm R2, Boonyasuppayakorn S5, Buathong R6, Thavara U3, Tawatsin A3, Joyjinda Y1, Wacharapluesadee S1, Siriyasatien P7.
Author information: 1 Thai Red Cross Emerging Infectious Health Science Centre, Neuroscience Center for Research and Development & WHO-CC for Research and Training on Viral Zoonoses King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand. 2 Vector Biology and Vector Borne Disease Research Unit, Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand. 3 National Institute of Health, Department of Medical Sciences, Nonthaburi, 11000, Thailand. 4 Medical Science Program, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand. 5 Applied Medical Virology Research Unit, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand. 6 Department of Disease Control, Bureau of Epidemiology, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, 11000, Thailand. 7 Vector Biology and Vector Borne Disease Research Unit, Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Several mosquito species have been described as vectors for the Zika virus (ZIKV), such as those in the Aedes, Anopheles, Mansonia and Culex genera. Our previous survey studies were found the ZIKV RNA positive in both male, female and larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoes collected from active ZIKV infected patients’ homes in Thailand. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate whether ZIKV could be vertically transmitted in Cx. quinquefasciatus, Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus. Laboratory and field colonies of these mosquito species were maintained and artificially fed with ZIKV in human blood. Fully engorged mosquitoes (F0) were selected and reared for the vertical transmission study. The subsequent mosquito generations were fed with human blood without the virus. ZIKV in the mosquitoes was detected by hemi-nested RT-PCR and sequencing. C6/36 cells were used to isolate ZIKV from samples that tested positive by hemi-nested RT-PCR. Moreover, ZIKV was identified by immunocytochemical staining 7 days after infection in several organs of infected F0 females, including the salivary glands, midguts, yoke granules and facet cells of the eye. The localization of the ZIKV antigen was identified by the presence of the specific antibody in the salivary glands, midguts, yoke granules and facet cells. ZIKV was detected in female and male Cx. quinquefasciatus until the F6 and F2 generations, respectively. The isolated virus showed cytopathic effects in C6/36 cells by 5 days postinfection. The results suggested that the vertical transmission of ZIKV occurs in Cx. quinquefasciatus in the laboratory. However, we were able to detect the presence of ZIKV in Ae. aegypti in only the F1 generation in both male and female mosquitoes, and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes were not able to vertically transmit the virus at all. Data obtained from this study could be valuable for developing a better understanding of the role of Cx. quinquefasciatus as a potential vector for ZIKV transmission in Thailand and may be useful in creating more effective mosquito vector control strategies in the future.
PMID: 30918310 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-41727-8
Keywords: Zika Virus; Aedes aegypti; Culex quinquefasciatus; Mosquitoes.