[Source: PLoS Pathogens, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
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Tuberculosis, war, and refugees: Spotlight on the Syrian humanitarian crisis
Mohamad Bachar Ismail, Rayane Rafei, Fouad Dabboussi, Monzer Hamze
Published: June 7, 2018 / DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1007014
Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. The spread of this fatal disease increases in crisis-affected populations. The ongoing Syrian civil war has led to significant damage to the national healthcare system and forced millions of Syrians to take refuge in neighboring countries, where the majority face miserable conditions. These circumstances increase the risk of TB development and spreading among Syrian refugees (SRs) and their host communities. After the beginning of the Syrian crisis in 2011, a remarkable increase in TB cases was reported in countries bordering Syria and is essentially attributed to the massive displacement of the SR population. Here, we first review the risk of TB dissemination during wars and among displaced populations, notably refugees. Then, we discuss the causes, current situation, and complications of the growing TB risk among SRs in Syria’s neighboring countries, focusing in particular on Lebanon. The aim is to highlight the spreading potential of this disease among vulnerable populations facing such complex conditions of conflicts and forced displacements.
Citation: Ismail MB, Rafei R, Dabboussi F, Hamze M (2018) Tuberculosis, war, and refugees: Spotlight on the Syrian humanitarian crisis. PLoS Pathog 14(6): e1007014. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1007014
Editor: John M. Leong, Tufts Univ School of Medicine, UNITED STATES
Published: June 7, 2018
Copyright: © 2018 Ismail et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Funding: The authors received no specific funding for this study.
Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
Keywords: Syria; War; Society; TB.