[Source: Journal of Infectious Diseases, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Interaction with nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae alters progression of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes from colonization to upper respiratory tract diseases in children in a site-specific manner
Joseph A Lewnard, Noga Givon-Lavi, Ron Dagan
The Journal of Infectious Diseases, jiz312, https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiz312
Published: 22 June 2019
Pneumococci and nontypeable Haemophilusinfluenzae (NTHi) often co-colonize children. The impact of species interactions on disease risk across the upper respiratory mucosa is not known.
We analyzed data from 4,104 acute conjunctivitis (AC) cases, 11,767 otitis media (OM) cases, and 1,587 nasopharyngeal specimens collected from Israeli children before pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction. We compared pneumococcal serotype distributions with NTHi present and absent, and compared single-species and mixed-species rates of serotype-specific progression from colonization to AC and OM.
Pneumococcal serotypes causing single-species OM (NTHi absent) were less diverse than colonizing serotypes, and also less diverse than those causing mixed-species OM; colonizing and OM-causing pneumococcal serotype distributions were more similar to each other with NTHi present than with NTHi absent. In contrast, serotype diversity did not differ appreciably between colonizing and AC-causing pneumococci, regardless of NTHi co-occurrence. The similarity of colonizing and AC-causing pneumococcal serotype distributions was consistent in the presence and absence of NTHi. Differences in rates that pneumococcal serotypes progressed from colonization to disease were reduced in both AC and OM when NTHi was present.
Interactions with NTHi may alter progression of pneumococcal serotypes to diseases of the upper respiratory mucosa in a site-specific manner.
Streptococcus pneumoniae, nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae, otitis media, acute connunctivitis, nasopharynx, carriage
Issue Section: Major Article
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Keywords: Haemophilus Influenzae; Streptococcus pneumoniae; Pediatrics.