[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Ecohealth. 2019 Dec 6. doi: 10.1007/s10393-019-01458-8. [Epub ahead of print]
Coronaviruses Detected in Bats in Close Contact with Humans in Rwanda.
Nziza J1, Goldstein T2, Cranfield M3, Webala P4, Nsengimana O5, Nyatanyi T6, Mudakikwa A7, Tremeau-Bravard A2, Byarugaba D8, Tumushime JC3, Mwikarago IE9, Gafarasi I10, Mazet J3,2, Gilardi K3,2.
Author information: 1 Gorilla Doctors, P.O. Box 115, Musanze, Rwanda. firstname.lastname@example.org. 2 Karen C. Drayer Wildlife Health Center, One Health Institute, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA. 3 Gorilla Doctors, P.O. Box 115, Musanze, Rwanda. 4 Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Maasai Mara University, P.O. Box 861, Narok, 20500, Kenya. 5 Rwanda Wildlife Conservation Association, P.O. Box 5427, Kigali, Rwanda. 6 Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Harvard University, Boston, USA. 7 Rwanda Development Board, P.O. Box 6932, Kigali, Rwanda. 8 Makerere University Walter Reed Project, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. 9 National Reference Laboratory, Rwanda Biomedical Center, P.O. Box 83, Kigali, Rwanda. 10 Rwanda Agriculture Board, P.O. Box 5016, Kigali, Rwanda.
Bats living in close contact with people in Rwanda were tested for evidence of infection with viruses of zoonotic potential. Mucosal swabs from 503 bats representing 17 species were sampled from 2010 to 2014 and screened by consensus PCR for 11 viral families. Samples were negative for all viral families except coronaviruses, which were detected in 27 bats belonging to eight species. Known coronaviruses detected included the betacorona viruses: Kenya bat coronaviruses, Eidolon bat coronavirus, and Bat coronavirus HKU9, as well as an alphacoronavirus, Chaerephon Bat coronavirus. Novel coronaviruses included two betacorona viruses clustering with SARS-CoV, a 2d coronavirus, and an alphacoronavirus.
KEYWORDS: Bats; Coronaviruses; Human–wildlife interfaces; Rwanda
PMID: 31811597 DOI: 10.1007/s10393-019-01458-8
Keywords: Coronavirus; Alphacoronavirus; Betacoronavirus; Bats; Rwanda.