[Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases Journal, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Zika Virus: Implications for Public Health
Daniele Focosi 1,*, Fabrizio Maggi 2, and Mauro Pistello 2,3
Author Affiliations: 1North-Western Tuscany Blood Bank, Pisa University Hospital, Pisa, Italy; 2Virology Unit, Pisa University Hospital, Pisa, Italy; 3Retrovirus Center and Virology Section, Department of Translational Research, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
*Corresponding author: Daniele Focosi, North-Western Tuscany Blood Bank, Pisa University Hospital, via Paradisa 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy. e-mail: email@example.com. Phone +39 050 996541.
The World Health Organization has declared the current Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic a public health emergency of international concern. Lack of vaccines and reliable diagnostic tests, broad geographical distribution of mosquito species that can transmit the virus, and absence of population immunity in newly affected countries are causes for concern. Although most infected persons are asymptomatic, ZIKV has been associated with a rise in cases of neurological complications and fetal central nervous system malformations. This defines such arbovirus as something whose transmission should be prevented. This review summarizes the current understanding of ZIKV biology and epidemiology, and possible interventions to prevent contagion and transmission.
Received February 27, 2015. Accepted March 28, 2016.
© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Zika Virus; Public Health.