#Control and #Elimination of #XDR #Acinetobacter baumanii in an #ICU (Emerg Infect Dis., abstract)

[Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Volume 25, Number 10—October 2019 / Dispatch

Control and Elimination of Extensively Drug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumanii in an Intensive Care Unit

Amanda Chamieh1, Tania Dagher Nawfal1, Tala Ballouz1, Claude Afif, George Juvelekian, Sani Hlais, Jean-Marc Rolain, and Eid Azar

Author affiliations: University of Balamand, Beirut, Lebanon (A. Chamieh, T. Ballouz, C. Afif, G. Juvelekian, E. Azar); Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France (T.D. Nawfal, J.-M. Rolain); Saint Joseph University and American University of Beirut, Beirut (S. Hlais)



We decreased antimicrobial drug consumption in an intensive care unit in Lebanon by changing to colistin monotherapy for extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumanii infections. We saw a 78% decrease of A. baumanii in sputum and near-elimination of blaoxa-23-carrying sequence type 2 clone over the 1-year study. Non–A. baumanii multidrug-resistant infections remained stable.

Keywords: Antibiotics; Drugs Resistance; Colistin; Acinetobacter baumannii; Lebanon; ICU.


#Containment of Highly Pathogenic #Avian #Influenza A(#H5N1) Virus, #Lebanon, 2016 (Emerg Infect Dis., abstract)

[Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Volume 24, Number 2—February 2018 / Dispatch

Containment of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus, Lebanon, 2016

Zeina E. Farah  , Omaya Khatib, Sahar Hamadeh, Khadija Ahmad, Bassel El Bazzal, Pierre Zalloua, Walid Ammar, and Nada Ghosn

Author affiliations: Ministry of Public Health, Bekaa, Lebanon (Z.E. Farah, O. Khatib, S. Hamadeh, K. Ahmad); Ministry of Agriculture, Beirut, Lebanon (B. El Bazzal); National Influenza Center, Beirut (P. Zalloua); Ministry of Public Health, Beirut (W. Ammar, N. Ghosn)



A preparedness plan for avian influenza A(H5N1) virus infection was activated in Lebanon in 2016 after reported cases in poultry. Exposed persons were given prophylaxis and monitored daily. A total of 185 exposed persons were identified: 180 received prophylaxis, 181 were monitored, and 41 suspected cases were reported. All collected specimens were negative for virus by PCR.

Keywords: Avian Influenza; H5N1; Lebanon; Poultry; Human.


Highly Pathogenic #Avian #Influenza #H5N1 Clade Virus in #Lebanon, 2016 (Avian Dis., abstract)

[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Avian Dis. 2017 Jun;61(2):271-273. doi: 10.1637/11544-113016-Case.1.

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Clade Virus in Lebanon, 2016.

El Romeh A1, Zecchin B2, Fusaro A2, Ibrahim E1, El Bazzal B1, El Hage J3, Milani A2, Zamperin G2, Monne I2.

Author information: 1 A Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Resources Directorate, Bir Hassan, Embassies Street, Beirut, Lebanon. 2 B Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Viale dell’Università, 10, 35020, Legnaro, Padova, Italy. 3 C Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Fanar, Main Road, 90-1965, Jdeidet El-Metin Fanar, Lebanon.



We report the phylogenetic analysis of the first outbreak of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Lebanon from poultry in April 2016. Our whole-genome sequencing analysis revealed that the Lebanese H5N1 virus belongs to genetic clade and clusters with viruses from Europe and West Africa.

KEYWORDS: H5N1 subtype; Lebanon; influenza A virus; phylogeny

PMID: 28665732 DOI: 10.1637/11544-113016-Case.1

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Keywords: Avian Influenza; H5N1; Poultry; Lebanon.


#Surveillance for #Coronaviruses in #Bats, #Lebanon and #Egypt, 2013–2015 (@CDC_EIDjournal, extract)

[Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Emerging Infectious Diseases  Journal, full page: (LINK). Extract.]

Volume 22, Number 1—January 2016 / Letter

Surveillance for Coronaviruses in Bats, Lebanon and Egypt, 2013–2015  [      ]


To the Editor:

Coronaviruses (CoVs) in bats are genetically diverse, and evidence suggests they are ancestors of Middle East respiratory virus CoV (MERS-CoV), severe acute respiratory syndrome CoV, and human CoVs 229E and NL63 (14). We tested several bat species in Lebanon and Egypt to understand the diversity of bat CoVs there.


Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Coronavirus; Bats; Egypt; Lebanon.