[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Trop Med Infect Dis. 2019 Apr 10;4(2). pii: E60. doi: 10.3390/tropicalmed4020060.
Policy and Science for Global Health Security: Shaping the Course of International Health.
Berger KM1, Wood JLN2, Jenkins B3,4, Olsen J5, Morse SS6, Gresham L7, Root JJ8, Rush M9, Pigott D10,11, Winkleman T12, Moore M13, Gillespie TR14,15, Nuzzo JB16, Han BA17, Olinger P18, Karesh WB19, Mills JN20, Annelli JF21, Barnabei J22, Lucey D23, Hayman DTS24.
Author information: 1 Gryphon Scientific, LLC, 6930 Carroll Avenue, Suite 810, Takoma Park, MD 20912, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org. 2 Disease Dynamics Unit, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ES, UK. email@example.com. 3 Brookings Institution, 1775 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org. 4 Women of Color Advancing Peace, Security and Conflict Transformation, 3695 Ketchum Court, Woodbridge, VA 22193, USA. email@example.com. 5 Rosalynn Carter Institute for Caregiving, Georgia Southwestern State University, 800 GSW State University Drive, Americus, GA 31709, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org. 6 Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th St., New York, NY 10032, USA. email@example.com. 7 Ending Pandemics and San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org. 8 U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA. Jeff.Root@aphis.usda.gov. 9 Gryphon Scientific, LLC, 6930 Carroll Avenue, Suite 810, Takoma Park, MD 20912, USA. email@example.com. 10 Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Department of Health Metrics Sciences, University of Washington, 2301 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org. 11 Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7BN, UK. email@example.com. 12 Next Generation Global Health Security Network, Washington, DC 20001, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org. 13 RAND Corporation, 1200 South Hayes St., Arlington, VA 22202, USA. 14 Population Biology, Ecology, and Evolution Program, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. email@example.com. 15 Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org. 16 Center for Health Security, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Pratt Street, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA. email@example.com. 17 Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Box AB Millbrook, NY 12545, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org. 18 Environmental, Health and Safety Office (EHSO), Emory University, 1762 Clifton Rd., Suite 1200, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. email@example.com. 19 EcoHealth Alliance, 460 West 34th Street, New York, NY 10001, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org. 20 Population Biology, Ecology, and Evolution Program, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. email@example.com. 21 Practical One Health Solutions, LLC, New Market, MD 21774, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org. 22 Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Department of Homeland Security, Greenport, NY 11944, USA. email@example.com. 23 Department of Medicine Infectious Disease, Georgetown University, 600 New Jersey Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20001, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org. 24 EpiLab, Infectious Disease Research Centre, School of Veterinary Science, Massey University, Private Bag, 11 222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. email@example.com.
The global burden of infectious diseases and the increased attention to natural, accidental, and deliberate biological threats has resulted in significant investment in infectious disease research. Translating the results of these studies to inform prevention, detection, and response efforts often can be challenging, especially if prior relationships and communications have not been established with decision-makers. Whatever scientific information is shared with decision-makers before, during, and after public health emergencies is highly dependent on the individuals or organizations who are communicating with policy-makers. This article briefly describes the landscape of stakeholders involved in information-sharing before and during emergencies. We identify critical gaps in translation of scientific expertise and results, and biosafety and biosecurity measures to public health policy and practice with a focus on One Health and zoonotic diseases. Finally, we conclude by exploring ways of improving communication and funding, both of which help to address the identified gaps. By leveraging existing scientific information (from both the natural and social sciences) in the public health decision-making process, large-scale outbreaks may be averted even in low-income countries.
KEYWORDS: Ebola virus; One Health; emerging infectious diseases; zoonoses
PMID: 30974815 DOI: 10.3390/tropicalmed4020060
Keywords: Global Health; Infectious Diseases; Emerging Diseases; Pandemic Preparedness.