[Source: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Presence of NDM in non-E. coli Enterobacteriaceae in the poultry production environment
Rongmin Zhang, Jiyun Li, Yang Wang, Jianzhong Shen, Zhangqi Shen, Shaolin Wang
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, dkz193, https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkz193
Published: 18 May 2019
Characterization of non-Escherichia coli NDM-carrying Enterobacteriaceae in the poultry production environment.
A total of 36 NDM-positive Enterobacteriaceae (22 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 13 Enterobacter cloacae and 1 Salmonella enterica) were isolated from a chicken farm and WGS was conducted using Illumina Hiseq2500. The genomic characterization of the isolates acquired through WGS analysis included the genomic context-flanking blaNDM genes, MLST, the antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and replicon types of plasmids. WGS information for another 73 K. pneumoniae isolates from different sources was retrieved from GenBank and then combined with isolates in this study for comparative genomic and phylogenetic analysis.
Three types of genetic environment carrying blaNDM were identified in 36 non-E. coli Enterobacteriaceae isolates. Sequence comparison analysis indicated these genetic environments were completely identical to our previous findings. WGS further revealed three major types of plasmids (IncFIB, IncX3 and IncFII) from these isolates and the phylogenetic analysis suggested several K. pneumoniae isolates with ST11, ST37 and ST147 from the commercial chicken farm that were closely related to isolates of human origin.
The blaNDM-harbouring genetic contexts were identified not only in E. coli, but also in K. pneumoniae, E. cloacae and S. enterica, which may indicate that blaNDM has been widely disseminated to non-E. coli Enterobacteriaceae species in animal farms. The close relationship of K. pneumoniae isolates from different origins suggests they could serve as a key vehicle for the transfer of ARGs between humans and food animal production environments.
Issue Section: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
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Keywords: Antibiotics; Drugs Resistance; Enterobacteriaceae; NDM; Poultry; Food Safety.