[Source: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
In vitro bactericidal activity of amoxicillin combined with different cephalosporins against endocarditis-associated Enterococcus faecalis clinical isolates
Nathan Peiffer-Smadja, Elena Guillotel, David Luque-Paz, Naouale Maataoui, F-Xavier Lescure, Vincent Cattoir
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, dkz388, https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkz388
Published: 08 September 2019
The combination of amoxicillin with cefazolin could be an interesting regimen for the empirical therapy of severe infective endocarditis, but its activity against enterococci is unknown.
To evaluate in vitro the bactericidal activity of the combination of amoxicillin with different cephalosporins including cefazolin.
Combinations of amoxicillin (at MIC × ¼) with cefazolin, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, cefepime, ceftaroline or ceftobiprole (at the mean free plasma concentration) were studied using time–kill experiments for 10 endocarditis-associated Enterococcus faecalis strains and 2 reference strains.
The combinations amoxicillin/cefazolin, amoxicillin/cefotaxime, amoxicillin/ceftriaxone and amoxicillin/cefepime were synergistic at 12 and 24 h against 12/12 strains and amoxicillin/ceftobiprole and amoxicillin/ceftaroline against 10/12 strains. The combination amoxicillin/cefepime was bactericidal at 24 h against 9/12 strains, the combination amoxicillin/cefazolin against 8/12 strains, the combinations amoxicillin/ceftaroline, amoxicillin/cefotaxime and amoxicillin/ceftobiprole against 7/12 strains and the combination amoxicillin/ceftriaxone against 6/12 strains.
The combination amoxicillin/cefazolin is as synergistic and bactericidal in vitro as amoxicillin/cefotaxime or amoxicillin/ceftriaxone against E. faecalis.
Issue Section: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Keywords: Antibiotics; Amoxicillin; Cephalosporins; Endocarditis; Enterococcus faecalis.