#Urban brown #rats (Rattus norvegicus) as possible #source of #MDR #Enterobacteriaceae and #MRSA, Vienna, #Austria, 2016 and 2017 (Euro Surveill., abstract)

[Source: Eurosurveillance, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Urban brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) as possible source of multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae and meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp., Vienna, Austria, 2016 and 2017

Amélie Desvars-Larrive1, Werner Ruppitsch2, Sarah Lepuschitz2, Michael P Szostak1, Joachim Spergser1, Andrea T Feßler3, Stefan Schwarz3, Stefan Monecke4,5,6, Ralf Ehricht4,6, Chris Walzer1,7, Igor Loncaric1

Affiliations: 1 University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria; 2 Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, Vienna, Austria; 3 Freie Universität, Berlin, Germany; 4 Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology (IPHT), Jena, Germany; 5 Technische Universität, Dresden, Germany; 6 InfectoGnostics Research Campus, Jena, Germany; 7 Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States

Correspondence: Amélie Desvars-Larrive amelie.desvarsvetmeduni.ac.at

Citation style for this article: Desvars-Larrive Amélie, Ruppitsch Werner, Lepuschitz Sarah, Szostak Michael P, Spergser Joachim, Feßler Andrea T, Schwarz Stefan, Monecke Stefan, Ehricht Ralf, Walzer Chris, Loncaric Igor. Urban brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) as possible source of multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae and meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp., Vienna, Austria, 2016 and 2017. Euro Surveill. 2019;24(32):pii=1900149. https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.32.1900149

Received: 25 Feb 2019;   Accepted: 03 Jun 2019

 

Abstract

Background

Brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) are an important wildlife species in cities, where they live in close proximity to humans. However, few studies have investigated their role as reservoir of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria.

Aim

We intended to determine whether urban rats at two highly frequented sites in Vienna, Austria, carry extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, fluoroquinolone-resistant Enterobacteriaceae and meticillin-resistant (MR) Staphylococcus spp. (MRS).

Methods

We surveyed the presence of antimicrobial resistance in 62 urban brown rats captured in 2016 and 2017 in Vienna, Austria. Intestinal and nasopharyngeal samples were cultured on selective media. We characterised the isolates and their antimicrobial properties using microbiological and genetic methods including disk diffusion, microarray analysis, sequencing, and detection and characterisation of plasmids.

Results

Eight multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli and two extensively drug-resistant New Delhi metallo-β-lactamases-1 (NDM-1)-producing Enterobacter xiangfangensis ST114 (En. cloacae complex) were isolated from nine of 62 rats. Nine Enterobacteriaceae isolates harboured the blaCTX-M gene and one carried a plasmid-encoded ampC gene (blaCMY-2). Forty-four MRS were isolated from 37 rats; they belonged to seven different staphylococcal species: S. fleurettii, S. sciuri, S. aureus, S. pseudintermedius, S. epidermidis, S. haemolyticus (all mecA-positive) and mecC-positive S. xylosus.

Conclusion

Our findings suggest that brown rats in cities are a potential source of multidrug-resistant bacteria, including carbapenem-resistant En. xiangfangensis ST114. Considering the increasing worldwide urbanisation, rodent control remains an important priority for health in modern cities.

© This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Keywords: Antibiotics; Drugs Resistance; MRSA; Enterobacteriaceae; Wildlife; Austria.

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Isolation of #Candida auris from #Ear of Otherwise Healthy Patient, #Austria, 2018 (Emerg Infect Dis., abstract)

[Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Volume 24, Number 8—August 2018 / Research Letter

Isolation of Candida auris from Ear of Otherwise Healthy Patient, Austria, 2018

Shiva Pekard-Amenitsch, Agnes Schriebl, Wilhelm Posawetz, Birgit Willinger, Bettina Kölli, and Walter Buzina

Author affiliations: AGES–Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, Graz, Austria (S. Pekard-Amenitsch, A. Schriebl); Private otorhinolaryngology practice, Graz (W. Posawetz); Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria (B. Willinger); Medical University Graz, Graz (B. Kölli, W. Buzina)

 

Abstract

The emerging pathogen Candida auris is isolated mostly from hospitalized patients and often shows multidrug resistance. We report on the isolation of this yeast in Austria from an outpatient’s auditory canal. The isolate showed good susceptibility against antifungals except for echinocandins; the patient was treated with topical administration of nystatin.

Keywords: Antibiotics; Drugs Resistance; Candida auris; Echinocardins; Austria.

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#Bartonella henselae and #Rickettsia felis Detected in #Cat #Fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) Derived from Eastern #Austrian Cats (Vector Borne Zoo Dis., abstract)

[Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Bartonella henselae and Rickettsia felis Detected in Cat Fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) Derived from Eastern Austrian Cats

Duscher Georg Gerhard, Hodžić Adnan, Potkonjak Aleksandar, Leschnik Michael W., and Spergser Joachim

Published Online:18 Apr 2018https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2017.2215

Information

Copyright 2018, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

To cite this article: Duscher Georg Gerhard, Hodžić Adnan, Potkonjak Aleksandar, Leschnik Michael W., and Spergser Joachim. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2017.2215 / Online Ahead of Print:April 18, 2018

 

Abstract

Cats and cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) are vectors of the zoonotic bacterial pathogens Bartonella henselae and Rickettsia felis, which are the causative agents of “cat scratch disease” and “cat flea typhus,” respectively. In the surroundings of Vienna (Austria), we identified 11 (10.5%; n = 105) B. henselae-positive fleas originating from 8 cats (20.5%; n = 39). One flea was positive for R. felis. There should be high levels of awareness among veterinarians and animal keepers as to the handling of cats, especially if free roaming, stray, or feral.

Keywords: Bartonella Hanselae; Rickettsia felis; Austria; Cats.

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#Usutu virus #infections among #blood #donors, #Austria, July and August 2017 – Raising awareness for diagnostic challenges (Euro Surveill., abstract)

[Source: Eurosurveillance, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Usutu virus infections among blood donors, Austria, July and August 2017 – Raising awareness for diagnostic challenges

Tamás Bakonyi1,2,3, Christof Jungbauer3,4, Stephan W. Aberle3,5, Jolanta Kolodziejek1, Katharina Dimmel1, Karin Stiasny5, Franz Allerberger6, Norbert Nowotny1,3,7

Affiliations: 1 Viral Zoonoses, Emerging and Vector-Borne Infections Group, Institute of Virology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Austria; 2 Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary; 3 These authors contributed equally to this article and share first authorship; 4 Austrian Red Cross, Blood Service for Vienna, Lower Austria and Burgenland, Vienna, Austria; 5 Center for Virology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; 6 Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES), Vienna, Austria; 7 Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Correspondence: Norbert Nowotnynorbert.nowotny mbru.ac.ae

Citation style for this article: Bakonyi Tamás, Jungbauer Christof, Aberle Stephan W., Kolodziejek Jolanta, Dimmel Katharina, Stiasny Karin, Allerberger Franz, Nowotny Norbert. Usutu virus infections among blood donors, Austria, July and August 2017 – Raising awareness for diagnostic challenges. Euro Surveill. 2017;22(41):pii=17-00644. https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.41.17-00644 Received: 19 Sep 2017;   Accepted: 12 Oct 2017

 

Abstract

Between July and August 2017, seven of 12,047 blood donations from eastern Austria, reacted positive to West Nile virus (WNV) in the cobas test (Roche). Follow-up investigations revealed Usutu virus (USUV) nucleic acid in six of these. Retrospective analyses of four blood donors diagnosed as WNV-infected in 2016 showed one USUV positive. Blood transfusion services and public health authorities in USUV-endemic areas should be aware of a possible increase of human USUV infections.

© This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Keywords: Usutu Virus; Austria.

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Detection of the #mcr1 #gene in a multidrug-resistant #Escherichia coli isolate from an #Austrian patient (AAC, abstract)

[Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Detection of the mcr-1 gene in a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli isolate from an Austrian patient

Rainer Hartl a, Heidrun Kerschner a, Sarah Lepuschitz b, Werner Ruppitsch b, Franz Allerberger b and Petra Apfalter a,c#

Author Affiliations: Institute of Hygiene, Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, National Reference Centre for Nosocomial Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Ordensklinikum Linz – Elisabethinen, Linz, Austria(a); AGES – Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, Vienna, Austria(b); Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria(c)

 

ABSTRACT

Since the first description of colistin resistance based on the plasmid encoded mcr-1 gene, the occurrence of this resistance gene in Enterobacteriaceae has been described in Europe and many other areas worldwide (1-3).…

 

FOOTNOTES

#Address correspondence to Petra Apfalter, petra.apfalter@jku.at.

Copyright © 2017 American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Keywords: Antibiotics; Drugs Resistance; Colistin; MCR1; Austria.

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Detection of #Zoonotic #Pathogens in #WildBirds in the Cross-Border Region #Austria – #Czech Republic (J Wildl Dis., abstract)

[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

J Wildl Dis. 2016 Aug 15. [Epub ahead of print]

Detection of Zoonotic Pathogens in Wild Birds in the Cross-Border Region Austria – Czech Republic.

Konicek C1, Vodrážka P2, Barták P2, Knotek Z3, Hess C1, Račka K2, Hess M1, Troxler S1.

Author information: 1   Clinic for Poultry and Fish Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria. 2   State Veterinary Institute Jihlava, Rantířovská 93/20, 58605 Jihlava, Czech Republic. 3   University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackého tř. 1946/1, 61242 Brno, Czech Republic.

 

Abstract

To assess the importance of wild birds as a reservoir of zoonotic pathogens in Austria and the Czech Republic, we sampled 1,325 wild birds representing 13 orders, 32 families, and 81 species. The majority belonged to orders Columbiformes (43%), Passeriformes (25%), and to birds of prey: Accipitriformes, Strigiformes, and Falconiformes (15%). We collected cloacal swabs from 1,191 birds for bacterial culture and 1,214 triple swabs (conjunctiva, choana, cloaca) for DNA and RNA isolation. The cloacal swabs were processed by classical bacteriologic methods for isolation of Escherichia coli , Salmonella spp., methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and thermophilic Campylobacter spp. Nucleic acids isolated from triple swabs were investigated by PCR for West Nile virus, avian influenza viruses, and Chlamydia spp. We also tested tissue samples from 110 fresh carcasses for Mycobacterium spp. by PCR and we cultured fresh droppings from 114 birds for Cryptococcus spp. The most-frequently detected zoonotic bacteria were thermophilic Campylobacter spp. (12.5%) and Chlamydia spp. (10.3%). From 79.2% of the sampled birds we isolated E. coli , while 8.7% and 0.2% of E. coli isolates possessed the virulence genes for intimin (eaeA) and Shiga toxins (stx1 and stx2), respectively. Salmonella spp. were rarely found in the sampled birds (2.2%), similar to findings of MRSA (0.3%). None of the samples were positive for Cryptococcus neoformans , Mycobacterium spp., avian influenza viruses, or West Nile virus.

KEYWORDS: Austria; Czech Republic; bacterial infections; mycosis; viral infections; wild birds; wildlife; zoonoses

PMID: 27525596 DOI: 10.7589/2016-02-038

[PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Wild Birds; Zoonoses.

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#Shigellosis in #refugees, #Austria, July to November 2015 (@eurosurveillanc, abstract)

[Source: Eurosurveillance, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Eurosurveillance, Volume 20, Issue 48, 03 December 2015  / Rapid communication

Shigellosis in refugees, Austria, July to November 2015 [      ]

I Lederer 1 , K Taus 1 , F Allerberger 1 , S Fenkart 1 , A Spina 1 , B Springer 1 , D Schmid 1

Author affiliations: 1. Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES), Vienna, Austria

Correspondence: Daniela Schmid ( daniela.schmid@ages.at)

Citation style for this article: Lederer I, Taus K, Allerberger F, Fenkart S, Spina A, Springer B, Schmid D. Shigellosis in refugees, Austria, July to November 2015. Euro Surveill. 2015;20(48):pii=30081. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2015.20.48.30081

Received:27 November 2015; Accepted:03 December 2015

 

Abstract

We report on a cluster of shigellosis including 21 cases in refugees and two in local residents who worked in refugee transit centres, detected in Austria in 2015, between calendar weeks 29 and 47. The species isolated from the cluster cases, including one mixed infection, were S. sonnei (n = 13), S. flexneri (n = 10) and S. boydii (n = 1). Eleven of 18 tested isolates were extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-positive, including five of six ciprofloxacin-resistant and three azithromycin-resistant isolates.

Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Austria; Shigellosis; Antibiotics; Drugs Resistance; Migrants.

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