[Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Human Cutaneous Anthrax, the East Anatolian Region of Turkey 2008–2014 [ ]
To cite this article: Parlak Emine and Parlak Mehmet. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. -Not available-, ahead of print. doi:10.1089/vbz.2015.1835.
Online Ahead of Print: December 31, 2015
Author information: Emine Parlak and Mehmet Parlak, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey.
Address correspondence to: Emine Parlak, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Atatürk University, School of Medicine, Erzurum, 25400, Turkey – E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Anthrax is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by Bacillus anthracis. While anthrax is rare in developed countries, it is endemic in Turkey. The names of the different forms of the disease refer to the manner of entry of the spores into the body—cutaneous, gastrointestinal, inhalation, and injection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, epidemiological history, treatment, and outcomes of patients with anthrax. Eighty-two cases of anthrax hospitalized at Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology in 2008–2014 were examined retrospectively. Gender, age, occupation, year, history, clinical characteristics, character of lesions, length of hospitalization, and outcomes were recorded. Thirty (36.6%) patients were female and 52 (63.4%) patients were male; ages were 18–69 and mean age was 43.77 ± 13.05. The mean incubation period was 4.79 ± 3.76 days. Cases were largely identified in August (41.5%) and September (25.6%). Sixty-nine (84.1%) of the 82 patients had been given antibiotics before presentation. Lesions were most common on the fingers and arms. The most common occupational groups were housewives (36.6%) and people working in animal husbandry (31.7%). All patients had histories of contact with diseased animals and animal products. Penicillin-group antibiotics (78%) were most commonly used in treatment. One patient (1.2%) died from anthrax meningitis. The mean length of hospitalization was 8.30 ± 5.36 days. Anthrax is an endemic disease of economic and social significance for the region. Effective public health control measures, risk group education, vaccination of animals, and decontamination procedures will reduce the number of cases.
Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Anthrax; Turkey; Human.