#PanStop: a decade of rapid #containment #exercises for #pandemic #preparedness in the #WHO Western #Pacific Region (Western Pac Surveill Response J., abstract)

[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Western Pac Surveill Response J. 2018 Winter; 9(5 Suppl 1): 71–74. Published online 2018 Dec 18. doi: 10.5365/wpsar.2018.9.5.012 | PMCID: PMC6902655

PanStop: a decade of rapid containment exercises for pandemic preparedness in the WHO Western Pacific Region

Edna Moturi,a Katherine Horton,a Leila Bell,a Lucy Breakwell,a and Erica Dueger a,b

Author information: {a} WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, Philippines. {b} Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, United States of America.

Correspondence to Erica Dueger (email: tni.ohw@raspw)

Copyright (c) 2018 The authors; licensee World Health Organization.

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Summary

Rapid containment (RC) is one of the five priority interventions of the World Health Organization (WHO) Strategic Action Plan for Pandemic Influenza; (1) it relies on the concept that mass prophylactic administration of antiviral drugs, combined with quarantine and social distancing measures, could contain or delay the international spread of an emerging influenza virus. (2, 3) During a RC operation, mass antiviral prophylaxis treatment and non-pharmaceutical interventions are rapidly implemented within a containment zone surrounding the initial cases; active surveillance and additional activities are extended to a broader buffer zone where cases are most likely to appear based on the movements of cases and contacts. (2, 4) The strategy is dependent on the rapid (within three to five days) detection, investigation and reporting of initial cases; the efficacy and availability of antivirals and vaccines; and timely risk assessment and decision-making. In the Western Pacific Region, a stockpile of antiviral medication and personal protective equipment acquired through donations from the Government of Japan is warehoused in Singapore under the auspices of the Association of South-eastern Asian Nations (ASEAN), (5) and is managed under contract by the Japan International Cooperation System (JICS). (5) These supplies are reserved for early intervention when initial signs of increased human-to-human transmission of a highly contagious influenza virus occur.

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Keywords: Pandemic Influenza; Pandemic Preparedness; Antivirals; Asia Region; WHO.

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Giuseppe Michieli

I am an Italian blogger, active since 2005 with main focus on emerging infectious diseases such as avian influenza, SARS, antibiotics resistance, and many other global Health issues. Other fields of interest are: climate change, global warming, geological and biological sciences. My activity consists mainly in collection and analysis of news, public services updates, confronting sources and making decision about what are the 'signals' of an impending crisis (an outbreak, for example). When a signal is detected, I follow traces during the entire course of an event. I started in 2005 my blog ''A TIME'S MEMORY'', now with more than 40,000 posts and 3 millions of web interactions. Subsequently I added an Italian Language blog, then discontinued because of very low traffic and interest. I contributed for seven years to a public forum (FluTrackers.com) in the midst of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014, I left the site to continue alone my data tracking job.