#Nasopharyngeal #carriage of invasive #pneumococcal serotypes during #childhood #community-acquired alveolar #pneumonia is associated with specific clinical presentation (J Infect Dis., abstract)

[Source: Journal of Infectious Diseases, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Nasopharyngeal carriage of invasive pneumococcal serotypes during childhood community-acquired alveolar pneumonia is associated with specific clinical presentation

Yaniv Faingelernt, Ron Dagan, Noga Givon-Lavi, Shalom Ben-Shimol, Jacob Bar-Ziv, David Greenberg

The Journal of Infectious Diseases, jiz513, https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiz513

Published: 05 October 2019

 

Abstract

Background

Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pnc) serotypes differ in invasive potential. We examined whether community-acquired alveolar pneumonia (CAAP) in children carrying common recognized invasive pneumococcal serotypes (1, 5, 7F, 14 and 19A; PnIST) differs from CAAP in children carrying less invasive serotypes (non-PnIST) or no Pnc (Pnc-neg).

Methods

Children <5 years visiting the only regional Pediatric Emergency Room, with radiologically-proven CAAP were enrolled. Nasopharyngeal cultures were processed for pneumococcal isolation and serotyping. Clinical/demographic characteristics were recorded. The study was conducted before pneumococcal conjugate vaccine implementation in Israel.

Results

A total of 1,423 CAAP episodes were recorded: PnIST, 300 (21.1%); non-PnIST, 591 (41.5%); and Pnc-neg, 532 (37.4%). After adjustment for age, ethnicity, seasonality and previous antibiotics, the following variables were positively associated with PnISRT carriage compared to both groups: temperature ≥39°C, peripheral WBC ≥20,000/mm3, C-reactive protein ≥70.0 mg/L and serum sodium <135 mEq/L. Lower oxygen saturation, viral detection and comorbidities were negatively associated with Pn-IST carriage (odds ratios <1.0). Differences between non-PnIST carriers and Pnc-neg groups were smaller or non-significant.

Conclusions

Young children with CAAP carrying common PnIST had a lower proportion of comorbidities, hypoxemia and viral detection, and had more intense systemic inflammatory response than those carrying non-PnISR or not carrying Pnc.

community-acquired alveolar pneumonia, children, pneumococcal serotypes, clinical signs, laboratory characteristics

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Keywords: Streptococcus pneumoniae; Invasive pneumococcal disease; Pediatrics.

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Giuseppe Michieli

I am an Italian blogger, active since 2005 with main focus on emerging infectious diseases such as avian influenza, SARS, antibiotics resistance, and many other global Health issues. Other fields of interest are: climate change, global warming, geological and biological sciences. My activity consists mainly in collection and analysis of news, public services updates, confronting sources and making decision about what are the 'signals' of an impending crisis (an outbreak, for example). When a signal is detected, I follow traces during the entire course of an event. I started in 2005 my blog ''A TIME'S MEMORY'', now with more than 40,000 posts and 3 millions of web interactions. Subsequently I added an Italian Language blog, then discontinued because of very low traffic and interest. I contributed for seven years to a public forum (FluTrackers.com) in the midst of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014, I left the site to continue alone my data tracking job.