[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Int J Infect Dis. 2019 Aug 8. pii: S1201-9712(19)30327-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2019.08.002. [Epub ahead of print]
Animal Influenza Virus Infections in Humans: A Commentary.
Borkenhagen LK1, Salman MD2, Ma MJ3, Gray GC4.
Author information: 1 Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, & Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA. 2 Animal Population Health Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. 3 State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Beijing, China. 4 Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, & Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA; Global Health Research Center, Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan, China; Emerging Infectious Diseases Program, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Here we review evidence for influenza A viruses (IAVs) moving from swine, avian, feline, equine, and canine species to infect humans. We review case reports, sero-epidemiological, archeo-epidemiological, environmental, and historical studies and consider trends in livestock farming. Although this focused review is not systematic, the aggregated data point to industrialized swine farming as the most likely source of future pandemic viruses, yet IAV surveillance on such farms is remarkably sparse. We recommend increased biosafety and biosecurity training for farm administrators and swine workers with One Health-oriented virus surveillance throughout industrialized farming and meat production lines. Collaborative partnerships with human medical researchers could aid in efforts to mitigate emerging virus threats by offering new surveillance and diagnostic technologies to livestock farming industries.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
KEYWORDS: One Health; global diseases; infectious animal diseases; influenza; pandemics; zoonosis
PMID: 31401200 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2019.08.002
Keywords: Influenza A; Swine Influenza; Avian Influenza; Canine Avian Influenza; Human.