[Source: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Efficacy and safety of tigecycline in treatment of pneumonia caused by MDR Acinetobacter baumannii: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Hekun Mei, Tianli Yang, Jin Wang, Rui Wang, Yun Cai
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, dkz337, https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkz337
Published: 03 August 2019
Use of tigecycline in treating MDR Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) remains controversial.
To comprehensively assess the safety and efficacy of tigecycline in pneumonia caused by Acinetobacter baumannii.
PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane library databases were searched up to 12 March 2019. Studies were included if they compared tigecycline-based regimens with other antibiotic regimens for treating AB pulmonary infections and we pooled the clinical outcomes, microbiological response, adverse events or mortality.
One prospective study and nine retrospective studies were included in this meta-analysis. The results showed similar clinical cure rates (OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 0.60–1.81; P = 0.89) and mortality rates (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 0.65–1.89; P = 0.71) comparing tigecycline groups with the control groups. However, a significantly lower microbiological eradication rate was found in the tigecycline groups (OR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.27–0.66; P = 0.0001). Incidence of nephrotoxicity in tigecycline-based regimens was significantly lower than in colistin-based regimens (OR = 0.34, 95% CI = 0.16–0.74, I2 = 35%, P = 0.006). There were no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) included; incomplete safety data and regional bias caused by the majority of the studies originating in China are the main limitations of this meta-analysis.
Tigecycline can be used for treating MDRAB pulmonary infections owing to efficacy similar to that of other antibiotics. Moreover, tigecycline did not show a higher risk of mortality. Considering the lower microbiological eradication rate for tigecycline, which is likely to induce antimicrobial resistance, well-designed RCTs for high-dose tigecycline in treating pneumonia caused by AB are still needed.
Topic: colistin – pneumonia – safety – mortality – acinetobacter baumannii – nephrotoxicity – tigecycline – adverse event
Issue Section: Systematic review
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Keywords: Antibiotics; Drugs Resistance; Tigecycline; Acinetobacter baumannii; Pneumonia.