#European #Pandemic #Influenza #Preparedness #Planning: A Review of National Plans, July 2016 (Disaster Med Public Health Prep., abstract)

[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2019 Jun;13(3):582-592. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2018.60.

European Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Planning: A Review of National Plans, July 2016.

Droogers M1, Ciotti M2, Kreidl P3, Melidou A2, Penttinen P2, Sellwood C4, Tsolova S2, Snacken R2.

Author information: 1 European Public Health Association,Utrecht,Netherlands. 2 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control,Stockholm,Sweden. 3 Department of Hygiene,Medical Microbiology and Public Health,Medical University Innsbruck,Austria. 4 National Health Service England,London,United Kingdom.



Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) commenced in April 2009. Robust planning and preparedness are needed to minimize the impact of a pandemic. This study aims to review if key elements of pandemic preparedness are included in national plans of European countries. Key elements were identified before and during the evaluations of the 2009 pandemic and are defined in this study by 42 items. These items are used to score a total of 28 publicly available national pandemic influenza plans. We found that plans published before the 2009 influenza pandemic score lower than plans published after the pandemic. Plans from countries with a small population size score significantly lower compared to national plans from countries with a big population (P <.05). We stress that the review of written plans does not reflect the actual preparedness level, as the level of preparedness entails much more than the existence of a plan. However, we do identify areas of improvement for the written plans, such as including aspects on the recovery and transition phase and several opportunities to improve coordination and communication, including a description of the handover of leadership from health to wider sector management and communication activities during the pre-pandemic phase. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2019;13:582-592).

KEYWORDS: national preparedness plans; pandemic influenza; preparedness planning; public health preparedness

PMID: 31328711 DOI: 10.1017/dmp.2018.60

Keywords: Pandemic Influenza; Pandemic Preparedness; European Region.


Published by

Giuseppe Michieli

I am an Italian blogger, active since 2005 with main focus on emerging infectious diseases such as avian influenza, SARS, antibiotics resistance, and many other global Health issues. Other fields of interest are: climate change, global warming, geological and biological sciences. My activity consists mainly in collection and analysis of news, public services updates, confronting sources and making decision about what are the 'signals' of an impending crisis (an outbreak, for example). When a signal is detected, I follow traces during the entire course of an event. I started in 2005 my blog ''A TIME'S MEMORY'', now with more than 40,000 posts and 3 millions of web interactions. Subsequently I added an Italian Language blog, then discontinued because of very low traffic and interest. I contributed for seven years to a public forum (FluTrackers.com) in the midst of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014, I left the site to continue alone my data tracking job.