[Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases, full page: (LINK). Summary, edited.]
Emergence of human monkeypox in west Africa
Published: July 05, 2019 / DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(19)30281-6
Human monkeypox is a zoonotic disease that is endemic to central and western Africa. It is caused by an orthopoxvirus that was first identified in captive monkeys in 1958, and in a child from DR Congo in 1970. There are two variants of the virus: the Congo Basin clade and the west African clade. Unlike the variola virus, the monkeypox virus has a wide range of hosts and a reservoir in wild animals. 1
Keywords: Orthopoxvirus; Monkeypox; Human; West Africa.