[Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Volume 25, Number 6—June 2019 / Research
Joint Estimation of Relative Risk for Dengue and Zika Infections, Colombia, 2015–2016
Daniel Adyro Martínez-Bello1 , Antonio López-Quílez, and Alexander Torres Prieto
Author affiliations: University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain (D.A. Martínez-Bello, A. López-Quílez); Secretary of Health of the Department of Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia (A. Torres Prieto)
We jointly estimated relative risk for dengue and Zika virus disease (Zika) in Colombia, establishing the spatial association between them at the department and city levels for October 2015–December 2016. Cases of dengue and Zika were allocated to the 87 municipalities of 1 department and the 293 census sections of 1 city in Colombia. We fitted 8 hierarchical Bayesian Poisson joint models of relative risk for dengue and Zika, including area- and disease-specific random effects accounting for several spatial patterns of disease risk (clustered or uncorrelated heterogeneity) within and between both diseases. Most of the dengue and Zika high-risk municipalities varied in their risk distribution; those for Zika were in the northern part of the department and dengue in the southern to northeastern parts. At city level, spatially clustered patterns of dengue high-risk census sections indicated Zika high-risk areas. This information can be used to inform public health decision making.
Keywords: Zika Virus; Dengue fever; Colombia.