[Source: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
CG258 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates without β-lactam resistance at the onset of the carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae epidemic in New York City
Brandon Eilertson, Liang Chen, Audrey Li, Kalyan D Chavda, Bhakti Chavda, Barry N Kreiswirth
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, dky394, https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dky394
Published: 01 October 2018
To examine the epidemiology of β-lactam resistance in ‘clonal group 258’ (CG258), a successful KPC clonal group, over 14 years.
Isolates were collected from 1999 to 2013 for a study of antibiotic resistance in Enterobacteriaceae in New York City; 515 bloodstream isolates had antibiotic susceptibility data available and 436 were available for a CG258 PCR assay. The 56 resulting CG258 isolates were characterized by MLST, capsular type and ESBL and KPC carriage. KPC-positive isolates were assessed for common KPC plasmid types, KPC subtype and Tn4401 isoform.
RT–PCR revealed 56 isolates were CG258. Seventeen of the 56 CG258 isolates were phenotypically susceptible to all carbapenems (all KPC negative). Five out of 17 susceptible isolates were of the cps-2 (wzi154) capsule type; none was cps-1 (wzi29). Nineteen out of 28 KPC-2 isolates were cps-1 (wzi29) and 8/10 KPC-3 isolates carried cps-2 (wzi154); however, cps-2 (wzi154) predominated among KPC-2-positive isolates in 2003 and 2004. KPC-2 was first detected in 2003 and KPC-3 was first detected in 2006. KPC-harbouring plasmids pKpQIL (all Tn4401a) and pBK30683 (all Tn4401d) were detected in 16/38 and 6/38 carbapenem-resistant isolates, respectively.
CG258-lineage Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates were completely absent in 1999, but common in 2003. Twenty-one percent of CG258 isolates were susceptible to carbapenems in addition to lacking both common ESBL and blaKPC-mediated resistance. The cps-2 (wzi154) capsule type was common in both these susceptible isolates and in early KPC-2-harbouring isolates, suggesting it was the initial capsule type in CG258. Carbapenem-resistant isolates carried common KPC-harbouring plasmids with the same KPC and Tn4401 isoforms, suggesting frequent clonal spread.
Topic: polymerase chain reaction – plasmids – antibiotic resistance, bacterial – carbapenem – epidemiology – disease transmission – enterobacteriaceae – klebsiella pneumoniae – lactams – new york city – protein isoforms – reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction – epidemics – antimicrobial susceptibility – multi-antibiotic resistance – extended-spectrum beta lactamases – bacterial carbapenemase resistance blakpc gene – carbapenem resistance – carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae
Issue Section: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
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Keywords: Antibiotics; Drugs Resistance; Carbapenem; Beta-lactams; Enterobacteriaceae; NYC; USA; Klebsiella pneumoniae.