#Serological Epidemiological #Investigation of Tibetan #Sheep (Ovis aries) #Plague in #Qinghai, #China (Vector Borne Zoo Dis., abstract)

[Source: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Serological Epidemiological Investigation of Tibetan Sheep (Ovis aries) Plague in Qinghai, China

Ruixia Dai, Meiying Qi, Haoming Xiong, Xiaoyan Yang, Jian He, Zhikai Zhang, Hanqing Yang, Juan Jin, Xiang Li, Youquan Xin, Yonghai Yang, Cunxiang Li, Zhenjun Li, Jianguo Xu, Zuyun Wang, Wei Li, and Baiqing Wei

Published Online: 25 Sep 2018 / DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2017.2257

 

Abstract

The plague, which is caused by the Gram-negative coccobacillus bacterium Yersinia pestis, has been classified as a reemerging infectious disease by the World Health Organization. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau natural plague focus is the largest plague focus in China, and Marmota himalayana is the primary host of the plague. Tibetan sheep (Ovis aries) were first identified as naturally infected hosts of Y. pestis based on etiological evidence in 1975, and activities such as slaughtering or skinning Tibetan sheep that have been infected by Y. pestis or died from Y. pestis infection had caused severe human plague in Qinghai. Tibetan sheep are important domestic livestock in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Knowledge regarding the infection rate of Y. pestis in Tibetan sheep is important for understanding the range of infection and improving measures to control plague epidemics in this area. In this study, a serological survey involving 12,710 Tibetan sheep in all 44 counties in Qinghai Province was conducted. The total positive rate of indirect hemagglutination assay for Y. pestis in Tibetan sheep in Qinghai was 0.68% (86/12,710). Serological positivity to the Y. pestis F1 antibody was found in Tibetan sheep in all prefectures, except the Haidong and Haibei prefectures in Qinghai, with the seropositive rate in different counties ranging from 0.33% to 5.2% and the titers in the positive sera ranging from 1:20 to 1:5120. In addition, the seropositive rates in animal plague focus counties were higher than the rates in non-animal plague counties. Such results indicated a widespread infection of Tibetan sheep with Y. pestis in Qinghai, even though only sporadic epidemics of Tibetan sheep plague have been reported in Qinghai.

Keywords: Yersinia pestis; Plague; Sheeps; China; Tibet; Qinghai.

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gimi69

I am an Italian blogger, active since 2005 with main focus on emerging infectious diseases such as avian influenza, SARS, antibiotics resistance, and many other global Health issues. Other fields of interest are: climate change, global warming, geological and biological sciences. My activity consists mainly in collection and analysis of news, public services updates, confronting sources and making decision about what are the 'signals' of an impending crisis (an outbreak, for example). When a signal is detected, I follow traces during the entire course of an event. I started in 2005 my blog ''A TIME'S MEMORY'', now with more than 40,000 posts and 3 millions of web interactions. Subsequently I added an Italian Language blog, then discontinued because of very low traffic and interest. I contributed for seven years to a public forum (FluTrackers.com) in the midst of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014, I left the site to continue alone my data tracking job.

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