Overcoming #Barriers in the Path to a #Universal #Influenza Virus #Vaccine (Cell Host Microbe, abstract)

[Source: Cell Host & Microbe, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Overcoming Barriers in the Path to a Universal Influenza Virus Vaccine

Lynda Coughlan, Peter Palese

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chom.2018.06.016

 

Summary

Influenza viruses are important pathogens which pose an ongoing threat to public health due to their ability to mutate and evade immunity elicited by prior infection or vaccination. Their evolutionary diversity is facilitated by the plasticity of the antigenically variable head domain of the major surface glycoprotein, hemagglutinin (HA), which tolerates the accumulation of extensive mutations. To date, vaccines have focused on eliciting largely strain-specific immune responses toward the HA head. However, novel universal influenza vaccines aim to refocus immunity toward the immunosubdominant but conserved influenza virus HA stalk domain. Such vaccines could provide heterologous protection against diverse influenza viruses.

© 2018 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords: Influenza A; Vaccines.

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gimi69

I am an Italian blogger, active since 2005 with main focus on emerging infectious diseases such as avian influenza, SARS, antibiotics resistance, and many other global Health issues. Other fields of interest are: climate change, global warming, geological and biological sciences. My activity consists mainly in collection and analysis of news, public services updates, confronting sources and making decision about what are the 'signals' of an impending crisis (an outbreak, for example). When a signal is detected, I follow traces during the entire course of an event. I started in 2005 my blog ''A TIME'S MEMORY'', now with more than 40,000 posts and 3 millions of web interactions. Subsequently I added an Italian Language blog, then discontinued because of very low traffic and interest. I contributed for seven years to a public forum (FluTrackers.com) in the midst of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014, I left the site to continue alone my data tracking job.

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