[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]
Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2016 Oct;10(5):704-706. Epub 2016 Apr 1.
Quarantine for Zika Virus? Where is the Science?
Author information: 1Center for Disaster Medical Sciences,University of California at Irvine,Orange,California.
In January 2016, the World Health Organization warned that Zika virus is “spreading explosively” in the Americas and that up to 4 million infections could be present worldwide within a year. Soon thereafter, some politicians and authors publicly advocated for quarantine of travelers returning from regions where mosquitoes carrying Zika virus are prevalent. The public health tool of quarantine can be used to prevent the spread of infection by restricting the movement of persons who have been exposed to a deadly disease that can be transmitted from person to person before symptom onset. With 80% of Zika virus infections being asymptomatic, no rapid test being available to detect the virus, and primary transmission being via the bites of certain mosquitoes, application of quarantine in this setting is not scientifically sound or practically feasible. Rather, public health interventions should focus on preventing bites from infected mosquitoes, counseling pregnant women on the risks of fetal microcephaly and other birth defects, and identifying patients with signs and symptoms of Guillain-Barré syndrome. As was seen in the Ebola virus disease outbreak of 2014, non-evidence-based factors can influence policy decisions. Public health experts must ensure that policy makers are informed that quarantine is not a scientifically sound approach for the control of Zika virus. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2016;0:1-3).
KEYWORDS: Ebola; Zika; health policy; isolation; quarantine
PMID: 27032458 DOI: 10.1017/dmp.2016.56
[PubMed – in process]
Keywords: Zika Virus; Public Health; Quarantine.