#Zika #Virus: #Implications for #Public #Health (Clin Infect Dis., abstract)

[Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases Journal, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

Zika Virus: Implications for Public Health

Daniele Focosi 1,*, Fabrizio Maggi 2, and Mauro Pistello 2,3

Author Affiliations: 1North-Western Tuscany Blood Bank, Pisa University Hospital, Pisa, Italy; 2Virology Unit, Pisa University Hospital, Pisa, Italy; 3Retrovirus Center and Virology Section, Department of Translational Research, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

*Corresponding author: Daniele Focosi, North-Western Tuscany Blood Bank, Pisa University Hospital, via Paradisa 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy. e-mail: d.focosi@ao-pisa.toscana.it. Phone +39 050 996541.

 

Abstract

The World Health Organization has declared the current Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic a public health emergency of international concern. Lack of vaccines and reliable diagnostic tests, broad geographical distribution of mosquito species that can transmit the virus, and absence of population immunity in newly affected countries are causes for concern. Although most infected persons are asymptomatic, ZIKV has been associated with a rise in cases of neurological complications and fetal central nervous system malformations. This defines such arbovirus as something whose transmission should be prevented. This review summarizes the current understanding of ZIKV biology and epidemiology, and possible interventions to prevent contagion and transmission.

Received February 27, 2015. Accepted March 28, 2016.

© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail journals.permissions@oup.com.

Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Zika Virus; Public Health.

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gimi69

I am an Italian blogger, active since 2005 with main focus on emerging infectious diseases such as avian influenza, SARS, antibiotics resistance, and many other global Health issues. Other fields of interest are: climate change, global warming, geological and biological sciences. My activity consists mainly in collection and analysis of news, public services updates, confronting sources and making decision about what are the 'signals' of an impending crisis (an outbreak, for example). When a signal is detected, I follow traces during the entire course of an event. I started in 2005 my blog ''A TIME'S MEMORY'', now with more than 40,000 posts and 3 millions of web interactions. Subsequently I added an Italian Language blog, then discontinued because of very low traffic and interest. I contributed for seven years to a public forum (FluTrackers.com) in the midst of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014, I left the site to continue alone my data tracking job.

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