[Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases, full page: (LINK). Summary.]
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis in pregnancy [ ]
Michael H Chiu, Bonnie Meatherall, Ana Nikolic, Kristine Cannon, Kevin Fonseca, Jeffrey T Joseph, Judy MacDonald, Kanti Pabbaraju, Raymond Tellier, Sallene Wong, Marcus W Koch
Published Online: 19 January 2016 / Publication stage: In Press Corrected Proof / DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00524-1
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
We present a case of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis that developed in a previously healthy 29-year-old pregnant woman who had returned from a trip to rural India shortly before the onset of symptoms. She was admitted to hospital at 27 weeks’ gestation with a history of cognitive decline and difficulty completing simple tasks. She had no clinical signs of infection. The working diagnosis was autoimmune encephalitis, although extensive investigations did not lead to a final classifying diagnosis. The patient became comatose and developed hypertension, and an emergency caesarean section was done at 31 weeks to deliver the child, who seemed healthy. The patient died about 6 weeks after the onset of symptoms. The patient was found to have had subacute sclerosing panencephalitis at autopsy. In this Grand Round, we review the clinical features and treatment of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, and the epidemiological and public health aspects of the case.
Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Encephalitis; Pregnancy.