The #Ebola #Outbreak of 2014-2015: From Coordinated Multilateral Action to Effective Disease #Containment, #Vaccine Development, and Beyond (J Glob Infect Dis., abstract)

[Source: US National Library of Medicine, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

J Glob Infect Dis. 2015 Oct-Dec;7(4):127-138.

The Ebola Outbreak of 2014-2015: From Coordinated Multilateral Action to Effective Disease Containment, Vaccine Development, and Beyond. [      ]

Wojda TR 1, Valenza PL 2, Cornejo K 2, McGinley T 2, Galwankar SC 3, Kelkar D 3, Sharpe RP 1, Papadimos TJ 4, Stawicki SP 1.

Author information: 1Department of Surgery, St. Luke’s University Health Network, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania and Phillipsburg, New Jersey, USA. 2Department of Family Medicine, St. Luke’s University Health Network, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania and Phillipsburg, New Jersey, USA. 3Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Florida, Jacksonville, Florida, USA. 4Department of Anesthesiology, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

 

Abstract

The Ebola outbreak of 2014-2015 exacted a terrible toll on major countries of West Africa. Latest estimates from the World Health Organization indicate that over 11,000 lives were lost to the deadly virus since the first documented case was officially recorded. However, significant progress in the fight against Ebola was made thanks to a combination of globally-supported containment efforts, dissemination of key information to the public, the use of modern information technology resources to better track the spread of the outbreak, as well as more effective use of active surveillance, targeted travel restrictions, and quarantine procedures. This article will outline the progress made by the global public health community toward containing and eventually extinguishing this latest outbreak of Ebola. Economic consequences of the outbreak will be discussed. The authors will emphasize policies and procedures thought to be effective in containing the outbreak. In addition, we will outline selected episodes that threatened inter-continental spread of the disease. The emerging topic of post-Ebola syndrome will also be presented. Finally, we will touch on some of the diagnostic (e.g., point-of-care [POC] testing) and therapeutic (e.g., new vaccines and pharmaceuticals) developments in the fight against Ebola, and how these developments may help the global public health community fight future epidemics.

KEYWORDS: Diagnostic and therapeutic update; Ebola outbreak; West Africa; epidemiology; socioeconomic developments

PMID: 26752867 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Ebola; Public Health; Global Health.

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Giuseppe Michieli

I am an Italian blogger, active since 2005 with main focus on emerging infectious diseases such as avian influenza, SARS, antibiotics resistance, and many other global Health issues. Other fields of interest are: climate change, global warming, geological and biological sciences. My activity consists mainly in collection and analysis of news, public services updates, confronting sources and making decision about what are the 'signals' of an impending crisis (an outbreak, for example). When a signal is detected, I follow traces during the entire course of an event. I started in 2005 my blog ''A TIME'S MEMORY'', now with more than 40,000 posts and 3 millions of web interactions. Subsequently I added an Italian Language blog, then discontinued because of very low traffic and interest. I contributed for seven years to a public forum (FluTrackers.com) in the midst of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014, I left the site to continue alone my data tracking job.